The Hong Kong Wetland Park (HKWP) is currently managed by Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, the Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.
HKWP is one of the millennium capital works projects designated by the Government of Hong Kong Special Administration Region of the People’s Republic of China. The project upgraded a 61 hectare ecological mitigation area (EMA) at Tin Shui Wai, New Territories, Hong Kong, to a conservation, education and tourism facility at international standard.
HKWP project has two phases: Phase 1, comprising an exhibition pavilion and a landscaped forecourt, was opened to the public in December 2000, while Phase 2 (i.e. today’s Hong Kong Wetland Park, inclusive Phase 1) was opened in May 2006.
It functions as a world-class conservation, education and tourism facility with a theme on the functions and values of wetlands for use by visitors. The 61-hectare HKWP provides a wide range of habitats, including constructed freshwater, brackish and inter-tidal wetlands, reedbed, grassland, mangrove, shrubland and woodlands.
It encourages visitors to experience the diversity of the Hong Kong’s wetland ecosystem and highlights the need to conserve them.
The Park includes a two-storey Visitor Centre of size 10,000 square metres appeared concealed beneath the green roof rising, giving the impression of a hill landscape above the Entry Plaza. The Hong Kong Wetland Park demonstrates harmony of landscape and architecture.
HKWP lies adjacent to the Mai Po Inner Deep Bay Ramsar Site. The Ramsar Site supports over 120,000 migratory birds for wintering or refuelling during their migration through Hong Kong each year.
Since 2003, the Department has been conducting habitat management at the Wetland Reserve with a view to enhancing its ecological functions. Ecological surveys conducted at the Reserve have recorded a variety species especially the wetland indicators – birds (over 250 species), dragonflies (over 50 species), butterflies (over 160 species), amphibians (10 species) and reptiles (29 species). This proved that, with proper site design and management, the objectives of nature conservation, education and tourism can co-exist.
HKWP aims at arousing the locals in wetland education and conservation through a number of formal and informal activities.
For details, please refer to our website at http://www.wetlandpark.gov.hk
Wildlife recorded include rare or endangered species of birds such as Black-faced Spoonbill,Nordmann’s Greenshank and Pheasant-tailed Jacana, as well as uncommon dragonflies and damselflies such as Four-spot Midget, Scarlet Dwarf and Eastern Lilysquatter.
HKWP aims at arousing the locals in wetland education and conservation through a range of activities.
Interpretation and exhibitory
HKWP is an all-in-one facility for conservation, education and eco-tourism. The park comprises a 10,000 sq meter visitor centre and a 60-hectare Wetland Reserve.
The Visitor Centre has themed exhibition galleries, theatre, souvenir shop, and indoor play area (Swamp Adventure). The three themed exhibition galleries showcase the importance of wetlands on biodiversity, civilisation and impacts of human on wetlands.
The Wetland Reserve includes re-created wetland. The Wetland Discovery Centre located in the Wetland Reserve provides visitors with hands-on experience on local wetlands.
Other facilities including the Stream Walk, Succession Walk, Mangrove Boardwalk, Wildside Walk, Butterfly Garden and three Bird Hides locate next to the fishpond, mudflat and riverside respectively, which lead visitors to explore different habitats and wildlife.
Formal (school and university) learning
The HKWP acts as a hub of local conservation education. A number of education activities was organised for the education sectors, this includes a “Park Experience” programme which is divided into 11 curriculums to students of different levels.
HKWP organises school visits, teachers’ workshops and education roadshows on regular basis. In addition, HKWP also enable students to acquire career-related experience or support serving the visitors in the real working environment.
HKWP also organises summer internship programme for students of tertiary institutions to offer them with opportunities on gaining working experience through taking part in the daily operations and front-line nature conservation works in the Park.
Informal (general public) learning
To reach the general public, HKWP has produced education kits, leaflets, bi-yearly newsletter, e-newsletter and website to keep the locals informed about the activities of the Park.
These materials are uploaded to the HKWP website at www.wetlandpark.gov.hk that students, teachers and the general public can make use of the information as self-learning materials.
The Park has organised different types of guided tours, workshops and public lectures regularly to strengthen delivery of conservation message to the public.
HKWP has developed a series specific and seasonal programmes with local element (e.g. Bird Watching Festival, etc) to echo World Wetlands Day theme of each year, and to promote the wise use of wetland resources.
HKWP has also established an individual volunteer scheme recruiting members of the public to join the team for wetland conservation
Both local and overseas environmental professionals and government officials, as well as some educators and teachers, have organised visits to the Park.