State Nature Biosphere Reserve
Funding support: Russian Federal Budget
Number of staff: 49
Description of the centre
The Reserve was established in 1985 to preserve typical landscapes and ecosystems of Middle Siberia. Recognized in 1987 as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.
The Eloguisky Nature Refuge falls under the jurisdiction of the Reserve and is in size.
Core zone – State Nature Biosphere Zapovednik (Reserve) “Tsentral`nosibirsky” (Category I in IUCN classification). Total area is1 020410 ha.
Buffer zone – Local Refuge of Evenkia “The buffer zone of the Tsentral`nosibirsky Zapovednik” (552 000 ha, Category IV in IUCN classification)
Cooperation zone – State Ethnographic and Nature Complex Zakaznik “Yeloguysky” (746000 ha), Local Nature Zakaznik “Turukhansky” (126 900 ha) (both – Category IV in IUCN classification).
The Reserve`s landscapes are representative both for the Western and Eastern Siberia region. There are primeval fir, spruce, lurch and cedar pine forests, raised bogs, permafrost, bottomland and bedrocks landscapes.
The basin approach had been used before the Reserve was founded. Several basins of the small inflows ofYeniseiwere overall included to the Tsentral`nosibirsky Reserve that is why the biggest part of its territory is protected from the external pollution.
The Yenisei Biogeographic Border go through the Reserve`s territory. It divides Palaearctic region to the east and west parts whereupon the level of biodiversity here is really increased in compare with typical taiga.
More than 810 species of plants are spread in the Reserve. Any species of them, e.g. Cypripedium calceolus L., Cypripedium macranthon Sw., Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes. are especially rare.
Fauna of vertebrates is typical for the middle taiga. There are 45 species of mammals (sable, bear, elk, forest reindeer, squirrel etc.), 274 species of birds, 4 species of amphibians and reptiles and 35 species of fish inhabit here. Any species of birds are entered to the Application of SITES Convention. From them Ciconia nigra, Aquila chrysaetos, Haliaeetus albicilla, Pandion haliaetus, Falco peregrinus nest in the Reserve. Sibirian taimen, goldilocks, sturgeon, starlet, conny, Arctic cisco are common for the Reserve, but round of it their number is decreasing.
From the invertebrates 3 species of butterflies (swallowtail and apollos) and 3 species of bumblebees are called as the all-round vanishing species.
The traditional settlements of indigenous Keto people and old-believers, museum of traditional taiga life, scarps featuring remains of mammoths, the biological research station are situated in the cooperation zone of the Biosphere Reserve.
TheYeniseiRiver is the main river within the reserve, the second largest river inRussia and the seventh largest in the world. Tsentral`nosibirsky State Nature Reserve is the only protected area inRussia where both banks of a large river are protected for a distance of60 km.
THE RESERVE PROTECTS:
Over 120 km2 of the Yenisei River surface area;
Over 12 km2 of the Podkamennaya Tunguska River surface area;
Entire basin of the pristine Stolbovaya River;
Upper reaches of the Elogui River
The Reserve is home to 22 species of plants and animals listed in the RED DATA LIST of RUSSIAincluding 12 bird species, 4 butterfly species, 3 bumble-bee species, 3 plant species (orchids).
The Reserve is a crucial area for maintaining populations of game species, such as sable, elk and reindeer and high value fish species, such as taimen, goldilocks and others.
Main CEPA work areas
1. At first, BR staff works with the hunters who have their hunting plots around the core zone of the Reserve. Some of them now are really included to the monitoring of sable and moose deer, reindeer and other species.
2. The BR people regularly give the lectures, seminars, “round tables” for the schoolchildren and teachers, where the questions connect with conservation of nature would be
discussed and the most important rules of the behaviour in nature would be implemented. As children as adult people visit the small nature museum of the Reserve to be familiar with wild species of Siberian flora and fauna.
3. The third brunch of the eco-education is the professional orientation for schoolchildren who want to work in ecology in future. Every year in summer holidays 10-12 most active members of the Scientific Society of Schoolchildren have received the unique possibility to take part in Yeniseiecological expedition. Teen-agers with the Reserve`s guides
move from the Bor to the Bachta village (more than 100 km!) through the Reserve territory by big boat, doing the stops for the night time and realizing the scientific investigation.
Every expedition is for 9-10 days. In autumn and winter time participants prepare their first scientific papers, take part in the scientific conferences for children. Thus for last 7 years more than 60 pupils have taken the same experience. Some of them are the students of the ecological institutes and universities now.
4. The next important part of work connect with promotion the Reserve`s image in the Region. It includes contacting with regional media, published the articles about nature conservation and the Reserve, improving of the Reserve`s site (www.centralsib.ru), promotion of nature exhibitions in Krasnoyarsk museums, organization of nature conservation actions, competitions, quizzes etc.
A leaflet for the State Nature Biosphere Reserve “Tsentral`nosibirsky” was designed and published in Russian in early-2009. Its English version was prepared in last 2009. It includes photographs made within the project and information about newly developed nature travel routes. Unfortunately, the booklet will be published only in November 2010, with printing costs covered from the BR’s budget. The pattern is presented in the report as an Annex 5.
Articles for the Collected Papers of the biosphere reserve and for local media is the permanent work for the Reserve`s staff. An article summarizing the results of the survey are currently has prepared for the Collected Papers of the Krasnoyarsk regional Ministry of sport and tourism
A popular summary of the survey results for the local media has also prepared in May 2010.
In September of 2009 a new section on Ecotourism was created on the BR website www.centralsib.ru (Ecotourism, http://www.centralsib.ru/zapov_ecotour.php). It includes information about four interpretative eco-trails within biosphere reserve. The information is currently available in Russian but we should translate it to English in 2011. About 40 photographs featuring the most picturesque BR sites and brief information about the biosphere reserve was made available on the www.widenature.com website in English.
Top three successes
Local hunters are really included to the monitoring of sable and moose deer, reindeer, tetraonides and waterfowl birds and others.
Yenisey ecological expedition for teen-agers and work with School Science Society.
Local people participation in ecological actions like “Marsh for Parks”, “Animal Action Week” etc.
Top three challenges
Our less successful projects normally connect with lack of financial support – for example, visitor centre foundation.
Creating signage; site information; Producing written materials; Using audio-visual tools; Developing nature trails
Setting up a new visitor centre; Managing / creating habitat; Running a visitor centre;
Engaging hard-to-reach groups; Engaging young people; Engaging the local community; Working with volunteers
Education and communication
Early years education; Delivering adult education; Working with primary schools; Lobbying / running campaigns; Working with secondary schools; Developing resources / materials
PR and marketing; Running effective administration; Health and safety; Fund-raising; Project planning